NN Taleb introduced "Antifragile"…systems that become stronger with added stress. Ways to  the antifragile embrace stressors, redundancy, tinkering…and optionality. Quantifying optionality is real option valuation…Innovators should use it to find their competitive game rules...

What's At Stake?
About Trees Again
End, Begin, Build 
When Uncetainty Is Good
Real Options Enable Antifragility